By CHAD DAY and ERIC TUCKER
ALEXANDRIA, Va. (AP) – The judge in Paul Manafort's financial fraud trial warned prosecutors Wednesday against using the word “oligarchs” to describe wealthy Ukrainians, and admonished them for spending so much time documenting the former Trump campaign chairman's extravagant lifestyle.
It's not a crime to be wealthy, said U.S. District Judge T.S. Ellis III. And the pejorative term “oligarchs” and evidence of home renovations aren't necessarily relevant to the charges in question, he added. At one point, Ellis even called out lawyers from both sides for rolling their eyes.
“Let's move it along,” Ellis said repeatedly.
On the second day of the trial, jurors heard details of Manafort's acquisition of more than $1 million in clothing, expensive cars and more than $3 million in home improvement work – nearly all paid for either in cash or by offshore wire transfers.
The defense has argued that the illegal conduct alleged by the government was carried out by Manafort's business associate Rick Gates, who has pleaded guilty and is now the government's star witness. Gates also worked on the Trump campaign.
But a series of witnesses for the prosecution testified Wednesday that they didn't know Gates and he wasn't involved in paying them. The witnesses instead testified Manafort personally directed them to be paid by wire transfers from offshore accounts that prosecutors say he hid from the IRS.
The trial is the first courtroom test for special counsel Robert Mueller, who was tasked last year with investigating Russia's efforts to sway the 2016 election and to determine whether the Trump campaign was involved. So far, Manafort is the lone person to stand trial as a result of the ongoing probe, even though the charges of bank fraud and tax evasion are unrelated to possible collusion.
Still, the trial pulled back the curtain on the former lobbyist who steered Trump's election efforts for a time, including descriptions of Manafort's $15,000 jacket made of ostrich and the more than $6 million in cash he put toward real estate. One witness, Maximillian Katzman, testified that Manafort spent more than $900,000 at his boutique retailer in New York. He said Manafort was the only business client of his who paid via international wire transfer.
At one point, an FBI agent described the July 2017 raid on Manafort's Virginia condominium. He said he knocked multiple times before entering with a key after no one answered, only to find Manafort sitting inside.
The searches described by agent Matthew Mikuska found expensively tailored suits and documents related to other luxury items allegedly bought by Manafort, including two silk rugs bought for $160,000 paid from offshore accounts.
But when prosecutors introduced photos of Manafort's high-end condo and expensive suits, Ellis interrupted so as to limit the growing list of evidence jurors would have to consider.
“All this document shows is that Mr. Manafort had a lavish lifestyle,” Ellis said at one point. “It isn't relevant.”
On the term “oligarchs,” Ellis said use of the word implied that Manafort was associating with “despicable people and therefore he's despicable.”
“That's not the American way,” the judge said.
Prosecutor Greg Andres argued that Manafort's spending was important to the case.
“Judge, this is not an effort to prove Mr. Manafort lived lavishly,” Andres said. “It's evidence of his income.”
Ellis seemed to grow impatient after being told that attorneys on both sides were seen rolling their eyes after leaving the bench or in response to his rulings. The lawyers' facial expressions, Ellis said, appeared to show them thinking “why do we have to put up with this idiot judge?”
The proceedings, which could last weeks, clearly caught the attention of President Donald Trump, who defended his 2016 hiring of Manafort and suggested Manafort was being treated worse than mobster Al Capone. White House press secretary Sarah Sanders said the president indeed felt Manafort had been treated unfairly.
“Why didn't government tell me that he was under investigation,” Trump tweeted Wednesday. “These old charges have nothing to do with Collusion – a Hoax!”
Manafort's defense attorneys are putting blame on Gates, Manafort's business associate.
Manafort's attorney Thomas Zehnle has warned jurors that Gates cannot be trusted and is the type of witness who would say anything he could to save himself from a lengthy prison sentence and a crippling financial penalty.
“Money's coming in fast. It's a lot, and Paul Manafort trusted that Rick Gates was keeping track of it,” Zehnle said. “That's what Rick Gates was being paid to do.”
Manafort has a second trial scheduled for September in the District of Columbia. It involves allegations that he acted as an unregistered foreign agent for Ukrainian interests and made false statements to the U.S. government.
The other 31 people charged by Mueller so far have either pleaded guilty or are Russians seen as unlikely to enter an American courtroom. Three Russian companies have also been charged.
Associated Press writer Matthew Barakat in Alexandria, Virginia, and Anne Flaherty and Stephen Braun in Washington contributed to this report.
This version corrects the date of the FBI raid to July 2017.
Follow Chad Day at https://twitter.com/ChadSDay and Eric Tucker on Twitter at http://www.twitter.com/etuckerAP
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