ROCHESTER, Minn. (WXOW)- As we celebrate World Kidney Day, the Mayo Clinic Health System wants you to be aware of the signs of chronic kidney disease.
It is estimated that 1-in-10 people worldwide have chronic kidney disease, but most of them don't know it according to the Mayo Clinic Health System.
Dr. Samrat Bhat with the Mayo Clinic Health System outlines some factors that can lead to chronic kidney disease.
"The most common risk factors are diabetes and high blood pressure and obesity, as the prevelence of diabetes goes up so does the risk for chronic kidney disease."
According to a news release from The Mayo Clinic Health System, they also outline other factors to look for.
Below are some key facts to know about chronic kidney disease:
· Some racial and ethnic populations are at higher risk for kidney disease.
African Americans, Hispanics, Asian Americans and Native Americans are more likely to develop chronic kidney disease. For example, African Americans are three times more likely to have kidney failure, according to the National Kidney Foundation.
· Women are more likely to experience kidney failure.
Chronic kidney disease is more common in women than men, with an estimated 15% of women being diagnosed with it versus 12% of men, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.
· Diabetes, high blood pressure and obesity are key risk factors.
People with diabetes and high blood pressure, and those who are obese, are all at higher risk for developing chronic kidney disease. Other risk factors include smoking, heart disease, a family history of the disease, older age and abnormal kidney structure.
· There may be few signs and symptoms in the early stages of chronic kidney disease.
Symptoms can include nausea, vomiting, loss of appetite, fatigue, sleep problems, and changes in urine output. Sometimes people experience shortness of breath, swelling of feet and ankles, muscle twitches and cramps, persistent itching, and chest pain.
· Quitting smoking and losing weight can help prevent kidney disease.
Smoking can damage the kidneys and worsen existing kidney damage. Maintaining a healthy weight also can help reduce the risk for kidney disease. It is also critical that people manage chronic conditions such as high blood pressure and diabetes.